Category five vehicles
includes mopeds that have the characteristic of emitting no CO2
emissions and can travel of at least 30 km between
charges.  The grant considered for
the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up to a
maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles includes Torrot Muvi City, UGBEST e-City, and Vmoto Super Soco TS1200R.

Category six vehicles
includes vans that have the characteristic of emitting less than 75 g CO2
emissions per km of drive and can travel of at least 16 km between charges. The grant considered for
the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up to a
maximum of GBP 8,000.

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There are also incentives provided in the forms of
free parking and access to bus lanes 19.

The HRS
Infrastructure Grants Scheme funds projects via two streams 43.
In the first stream, up to 100% of the eligible costs for 6-8 HRSs is provided
to upgrade those HRSs from demonstration projects to commercial HRSs. The
budget for this stream is about GBP 2 million 43.
In the second stream, up to 60% of eligible costs is provided for 4-7 HRSs with a budget of about GBP 3.5 million.
The applicant has to match the remaining cost from other sources 43.

The UK government also provides incentives for
development of three types of EV charging facilities as explained in the
following 45.

·       
Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS): providing funding for the installation of
charging points at houses all over the UK (covering up to 75% of the cost of
installing and capped at GBP 500) 45 46.

·       
Workplace
Charging Scheme (WCS): providing funding for the
installation of charging points with a limit of 20 charging points across all
sites for each application (capped at GBP
300 for each socket) 47.

·       
On-street
Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS): providing funding for
local authorities to install an on-street
residential charging points (covering up to 75% of the cost of installing the
charging point and providing a specific parking space and capped at
GBP 7,500) 48.

Norway
alongside Denmark are the two countries in the world with the highest new car
purchase taxes 9.  Generally, incentives in Norway for supporting
the deployment of EVs are stronger than incentives in countries such as France,
Japan, and the USA 9 which led to Norway
having the highest electric car penetration among all countries 19.

FCV purchases in
Norway are exempt from purchase tax (which
can be as high as 100 % for petrol cars) and also zero value added tax (valued at 25 %) 51.
FCV owners can also enjoy low annual road-tax (10 % of normal value), free
public parking, access to bus/taxi-lanes and free passing through toll-roads 51.
The same incentives are also available for BEVs 19.
However, the Government and regional politicians have started to reduce the
benefits for BEVs and warned that these
supports would be gradually phased out 51.

Development of HRSs in Norway has benefited from government support. The HyNor
project in Norway was a joint industry initiative to demonstrate the real-life
implementation of a hydrogen energy infrastructure across Norway 52. This
project was a public-private partnership 53. Norway
also provides public funding for deployment of fast-charging stations every 50
km (on average) on main roads and at the same time contributes to deployment
incentives for public chargers 19.

Uno-X Hydrogen
has the target to build 20 hydrogen refueling stations in Norway by 2020
through H2-20 project 55.
In Norway, there are also regional
targets for the number of FCVs and HRSs. Oslo-Akershus region targets to have
at least 350 FCVs by the end of 2018. By 2025 the region is also targeting to
have a sufficiently established HRS network which forms a basis for a national
and Nordic infrastructure for FCVs. The target for the number of FCVs will be over 10,000 56.
Norway’s target for the number of EVs is
50,000 by 2018 22.

The government of Denmark subsidizes the purchase
of FCVs by exempting the purchases from registration taxes 57. The
imposed taxes are usually up to 180% of the vehicle price 57. This tax
exemption means that the government provides indirect support of more than EUR 23,000
for each FCV 58. However,
from 2016, BEVs are included in the same tax scheme of petrol and diesel cars.
The increase in registration tax is gradually phased in, at 20% of the full tax
in 2016, 40% in 2017, 65% in 2018, 90% in 2019 and 100% in 2020.  Hydrogen and fuel cell?powered vehicles are
exempt from registration tax until the end of 2018 59. This has been one of the reasons for the drop in electric car sales
(-68%) observed in 2016 in Denmark 19. As of
2017, Denmark is introducing a purchase tax rebate on electric cars based on
the battery capacity of USD 225/kWh up to
a maximum of 45 kWh 19. Exemption
of FCVs from registration tax is continued
until the end of 2018 60.

Public funding for R and demonstration of refueling stations are
available in Denmark which ranges from DKK1
0.5 – 15 million 61. Companies
in Denmark supplying EV charging on a commercial basis can receive an
electricity tax rebate of approximately DKK 1 per kWh 62.

1
Exchange rate for Danish Krone in December 6th, 2017 is 1 DKK ~ 0.16
USD

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