CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM
AND ITS SETTING

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Background of the Study

  The advent of technology has been an
essential part in daily interaction where teenagers adopt to interact and
communicate with others. Cyber bullying has been a growing and transpiring
concern among teenagers. The medium used by people to harass and threat others
is social media. Cyber bullying is defined as sending or posting harmful or
rude text or images by means of using internet or other digital communication
devices (Williard, 2004). Today, the youth prefers technology either in the
form of messaging and chats or through social media sites in engaging with
others. It has been evident that adolescents foresee their technological
devices as their precious possession of all.

The United
States of America is well-known for high rates of cyber bullying.  15% of the parents said that cyber bullying
has been experienced by their child (Ipsos, 2012). Almost anywhere else in the
world, cyber bullying is high in cases, with 3 out of every 10 children
affected (Speedkingz, 2010). Ybarra and Mitchell (2004) surveyed internet use
in 1, 501 youths aged 10- 17 years. In 2016, 12% reported being aggressive to
someone online, targets of aggression were 4%, and a percentage of 3% were both
aggressors and targets. Those who used the internet more at home were more
involved as aggressors; and aggressors used it more frequently than
non-involved youths.  These authors said
that the internet maybe used by some victims of conventional bullying to attack
others.

The Erentaite,
et. al., (2012) investigated that among various forms of bullying, 41.5% became
victims of verbal and 5.8% were bullied through websites where 3% of them are
being targeted by their relatives. At present, in the world of technology, 97%
of teenagers uses internet in their daily activities (Lenhart et al., 2005);
whereas per UCLA Internet Report, half of them own personal digital devices for
communication including cellphones, tablets, iPhones etc. A research conducted
by National Children’s Home in Great Britain investigated that teenagers are
electronically harassed via mobile phones with 16%, SMS with 7% and online chat
room with 4%.

About 60 million
or 58% of the total population have access to the internet and it has grown by
27% in the past 12 months in the Philippines. 58% of the Philippines have a monthly
active account on the top social network in terms of social media penetration.
The percentages are based against country populations. The Philippines rank
above the global average of 37% as a result (Barriero, 2017). Furthermore,
through social media, 80% of teenagers aged 13 to 16 have been cyber bullied
through social media, (Child-care nonprofit Stairway Foundation Inc., 2015).
While 80% of teenagers are cyber bullied through social media, 60% of their
counterparts in the 7 to 12 age bracket suffered the same abuse. The survey
also flaunt that 30% of children aged 7 to 12 and a percentage of 40% of 13 to
16 were aware of peers who endured cyber bullying (Takumi, 2016).

In Cebu City,
about 1, 268 school children aged 7 to 12 and 1, 143 aged 13 to 16 were covered
in the survey administered. By means of threatening, 3 out of 10 children aged
7 to 12 were bullied, 2 were oppressed through photo editing, 1 was humiliated
or had their private conversations exposed, and 3 were either excluded or impersonated
through fake accounts (Takumi, 2016).

This study will
be of help to the education community in taking actions by formulating
solutions towards the increasing cases of cyber bullying. In social media, it
could also help the parents to determine the positive types of online
engagement of their children. Moreover, this could somehow help in identifying
the bullies and the bullied.

Research Objectives

The
general objective of this study is to determine the relationship of social
media engagement and students perception towards cyber bullying. Specifically,
this study aimed to:

1.    
determine
the level Social Media Engagement of the respondents in terms of:

a.      
Social
Networking

b.     
Blogging

c.      
Micro
blogging

d.     
Photo
Sharing

e.      
Video
Sharing;

2      
determine
the level of students perception towards cyber bullying in terms of

a.      
Harassment

b.     
Denigration

c.      
Masquerade

d.     
Exclusion;
and

3      
determine
the relationship between Social Media Engagement and Students Perception
towards Cyber bullying.

 

 

 

Hypothesis
of the Study                                                                                                                                   

            The general objective of the study
is to find the relationship between social media engagement and students
perception towards cyber bullying. The researchers hypothesized that social
media engagement and student’s perception towards cyber bullying has a
significant correlational relationship with each other. This hypothesis is
tested with 95% confidence level and with 0.05 level of significance.

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