The use of abstract words in the speech allows it to be interpreted by the audience in different ways. This makes it more personal and emotional to them. The abstract words set the tone of the speech as hopeful and open, as these words can be interpreted as wanting a new beginning for the nation to become stronger.
President Kennedy used metaphors such as “bonds of mass misery” and “chains of poverty.” Examples of personification used in the speech are “nor in the life of this Administration” and “let every other power know that this hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house.”
Kennedy uses a couple of metaphors that could be seen as clichés. He uses metaphors such as “bonds of misery” and “chains of poverty,” which are pretty commonly used. He did also use fresher metaphors too though. The line ,”those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside” can be seen as fresh as it is different, and not seen a lot. Kennedy seems to use metaphors as a parallel to other statements preceding or following it.
There are a few words in the speech that could be seen as old fashioned, such as asunder, forebears, forum, and belabored. These words give a formal tone to the speech in the way that they are used.
I believe Kennedy used these short paragraphs to separate his ideas. The style also allows for a natural flow of speech, as it allows pauses for the words to resonate with the audience and allows better comprehension of the speech.
Short sentences adds energy to the speech, as the lines are emphasized more. The contrast between lengths of sentences adds variety, and adds even more emphasis to the shorter lines.
The use of subordinate clauses in Kennedy speech build anticipation. They add energy as it builds to main point of that sentence.
The use of antithesis statements in Kennedy’s speech suggest that he is calling for a unified change. He is going to make a change. The citizens of the world should change the way they look at things.
Inaugural speeches are supposed to address what the President plans on doing in his Presidency. He is supposed to declare what he plans on accomplishing, so the speech should be filled with declarative sentences.
The two rhetorical questions get the audience thinking before leading into his call for action. This allows for them to be more open to his call for action.
A major use of anaphora in this inaugural speech is in paragraphs 15-20. In each paragraph he uses the phrase “let both sides” to lead into what he is asking for of powerful nations. An example of the use of zeugma is “now the trumpet summons us again — not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need — not as a call to battle, though embattled we are — but a call to bear burden.”
Kennedy’s use of parallelism puts emphasis on his purpose of calling for a unified change.
Hortative sentences urge others strongly to do something, but it is not completely necessary. Imperative sentences state that something must be done. It is completely necessary. He starts the speech off by easing into what he is asking for to get them more open to his plan. Then once he has eased them in, he hits them with things that are imperative for them to do for his plan to succeed.