Every era in
the development of English literature never loose with new writers. As in The age of Pope (1688-1744) there are
many prose-writers in this period. The most striking features of this period is
the satirical style that dominates prose, drama, and poetry. In this period
there were many writers in the field of prose English literature, one of them
is Jonathan Swift. He was born in Dublin, Ireland and lived with his uncle. He
is known as a prose writer with a high sense of humor. Besides that, Swift
wrote many satire prose related with corruption in the field of religion and
education. There are three important things that we must know about Jonathan
Swift, there are his life, his works, and the background of his work.

The first is about his life, Jonathan
Swift (1667-1745) was born in Dublin, Ireland. His father dying before
Jonathan’s birth. When Swift child, he often sickly.
Swift was thrown upon the charity of his uncle, who paid for his education His
uncle named Godwin Swift who is enrolled Swift at Kilkenny School, which was the
best school in Ireland at that time. At the age of 14 years old, Swift started
his studies at Trinity College in Dublin. At the age of 19 years old,
Swift get a
Bachelor of Arts degree and then he continued his master’s degree.There
were a rumored that Swift met the daughter of Temple’s when he was works there,
her named is Esther Johnson, she is 8 years old. Then there was rumored that
they are married in 1716 and Swift very loves her until the end of their life. Jonathan
Swift died on October 19, 1745 and he was buried next to the cemetery of Ester
Johnson in the Dublin’s St. Patrick’s Cathedral.

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The second is about his work, Jonathan
Swift worked in Surrey’s Moor Park and
to be on duty as an assistant to Sir William
Temple, Swift helping him in researching and publishing all of his essays and memoirs. Temple was very proud of
Swift, because he has a good ability and Temple entrusted him with all the
important tasks that he has. While he working with Temple, he has twice returned to
Ireland. At the time, when Temple was
died, Swift replace him to completed all the Temple duties in editing and
publishing essays. From the experience of his work with Temple, Swift also
began writing a short essays and making a manuscript for his book later. While
Swift returned to Ireland for the second time, he finally took as the post of dean at St. Patrick’s
Cathedral in Dublin. Swift began to write what would be his best work at that time,while he is leading
as the post of
dean at St.
Patrick’s,.
Finnaly he finished the manuscript in 1762. The work of Swift is: A Tale of a Tub, The Battle of the Books, The
Conduct of the Allies, A Modest Proposal, The Journal to Stella, and Gulliver’s
Travels. Although his books were very popular at the time, the Church of
England did not agree with the content of his books.

The
last is about The background of Jonathan Swift’s work. Jonathan Swift’s work
support to a free political views at the time, but later he became a
conservative. Besides that, Swift wrote many satire prose related with
corruption in the field of religion and education. Swift also proved to have
many political enemies and his hopes of achieving a high position in government
did not fulfilled. Because he strongly supported the struggle of the Irish
nation, his writings that attacked the politics policy and trade of the British
nation. It made Swift as a national hero in Ireland at that time. Some critics
argue that since Swift has experienced many disappointments, he becomes a
confused and grumpy man. Even though many people regard him as an idealist who
fights for freedom and justice for everybody. His famous works include: A Tale of a Tub, The Battle of the Books, A
Modest Proposal, The Journal to Stella, and Gulliver’s Travels

From
that essay we can be concluding that in The
age of Pope (1688-1744) there are many prose-writers in this period. There were
many writers in the field of prose English literature, one of them is Jonathan
Swift. The author
and satirist Irish named Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) was born in Dublin, Ireland.
His father was died before he was born. Swift lives with his mother in a
condition of lack. Swift’s
mother gave him over to Godwin Swift, her late husband’s brother and enrolled
him at Kilkenny Grammar School then to continue to college at Trinity college
in Dublin. After attending his college at Trinity college he became work acted
as an assistant to Sir William Temple in Surrey’s Moor Park, England. In 1699, Temple died Swift completed
the task of editing and publishing his memoirs.
Under the influence of
Temple, he also began to write, the first short essay and then a manuscript for
a later book. The work of Swift is: A
Tale of a Tub, The Battle of the Books, The Conduct of the Allies, A Modest
Proposal, The Journal to Stella, and Gulliver’s Travels. The background of
Jonathan Swift’s works is to support a free political view at the time, but
later he became a conservative. That makes he has many political enemies because
his writings that attacked the politics policy and trade of the British nation.
Even though many people regard him as an idealist who fights for freedom and
justice for everybody.

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