From the 18th century up until the 21st century there are over 250 dystopian literature ranging from different authors, some unique in their own way that stand out more than others books. With either having a similar plot, similar point of view, character development or the setting of the story. Authors write dystopian literature give a sense of open mindedness and creativity to readers. Dystopian literature illustrates readers about a distant world or how the future will of our world will be. One of the dystopian literature that talks about how mankind will be in the future is Anthem by Ayn Rand. The story behind Anthem is that it’s set in an unknown future but a future in which is corrupted. Freedom and individual rights are banished and collectivism which is the political principle of centralized social and economic control, especially of all means of production. So in this dark age nobody has any freedom or has rights and their jobs is to work for the state. The protagonist, Equality 7-2521, is different from everyone else. He wanders around one day and finds strange items and objects that have been never seen before and when he tries to show everyone what he has discovered, he is sentenced to be severely punished because the council of scholars think that he has more power than them which startled them. He eventually escapes with his girl Liberty and they go into the forest and finds a house far away from the council. In this house are psychology books that he reads and learns from. By this time the council has stop searching for him so he’s able to learn more about the meaning “I”. Equality and Liberty hunt and gather in order to survive and, in the end he decides to share what he has learned with the rest of the people stuck in the dark age. Anthem was written in 1937 and published in 1938, in the UK( United Kingdom). Rand wrote it as a warning to western civilizations about the horrors of collectivism because she was born in Russia and was raised during the Russian Revolution so she was able to witness the monstrocity committed. Another story regarding dystopian literature is “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson. The book revolves around on a humid sunny June 27th. Every citizen gathers in the village square to take part in the annual lottery, the children collect rocks for the tradition. One person from each family draws a piece of paper from a box and one person draws the paper with a black dot. The person who drew the marked paper is bound and stoned to death by the members of the village. This plot has the traits of dystopian literature by citizens living in a dehumanized state due to the constriction of their beliefs/traditions which makes them have a fear of letting go of traditions and of people who want to disrupt the norm. Information, independent thought and freedom are restricted by being forced to participate in the lottery, citizens conform to uniform expectations for fear of being considered a social pariah and, individuality is frowned upon because citizens are not allowed to have own beliefs. A reason that Jackson wrote this was to show that dehumanization was a result of society’s pressuring of the masses into practicing old traditions. She wanted to draw attention to the way we often hang on to outdated traditions that no longer really make any sense or have value. The narrator tells us that in the community depicted in the story, “no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box” used during the lottery ceremony. One more story that fits into the dystopian category is one of the few stories that was first a book then turned into a film called I-Robot. This book/film is set in 2035, where highly intelligent robots fill public service positions throughout the world, operating under three rules to keep humans safe. Despite his dark history with robotics, Detective Del Spooner investigates the alleged suicide of U.S. Robotics founder Alfred Lanning and believes that a human-like robot murdered him. With the help of a robot expert Spooner discovers a conspiracy that may enslave the human race. Now the book was written by Isaac Asimov and was published on December 5th, 1950. Unlike the other authors Ryn and Jackson who wrote their book to educate readers about what’s going on or going to happen Asimov wrote his story because the collection shares a title with the 1939 short story “I, Robot” by Eando Binder which greatly influenced Asimov. Asimov had wanted to call his collection Mind and Iron, and initially objected when the publisher made the title the same as Binder’s. Isaac Asimov was heavily influenced by the Binder short story. In his introduction to the story in Isaac Asimov Presents the Great SF Stories (1979), Asimov wrote “It certainly caught my attention. Two months after I read it, I began ‘Robbie’, about a sympathetic robot, and that was the start of my positronic robot series. Eleven years later, when nine of my robot stories were collected into a book, the publisher named the collection I, Robot over my objections. My book is now the more famous, but Otto’s story was there first.” Dystopian literature provides a certain outlet for authors to create a story about a certain place that is not like the world we live in today. Then when readers read it they try and figure out the reason for why they wrote this. Authors write dystopian literature give a sense of open mindedness and creativity to readers. Dystopian literature illustrates readers about a distant world or how the future will of our world will be.
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