in this research, we analyzed the question about
why local people are dissatisfied with Ine, which is a famous tourist
attraction that annually five million tourists visit. Local people/residents
directed their spearhead against Ine’s tourist policy, which would make Ine to
become a popular tourist attraction. They definitely are not opposing tourism
itself. They just want to quickly accept the tourism that aims at protecting
their life. Therefore, Ine will lose its charm if they only leave the form of
Funaya and become popular tourist site. In order to persist the charm of Aqua
tourism, people should understand that Funaya without local residents who live
in there is not the true scenery that people want to appreciate for.  As a
brief conclusion,

In the next part of this paper, we are
going to talk about the specific conclusion our study and also the possible
solutions of Ine-town’s issues, the significance of Aqua tourism and its
meaning to the Ine-town.

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The serious aging problem in Ine-town
caused the empty Funaya phenomenon still exists. Maybe there is no way to completely
solve this issue, however, the example plans such as refuse the tourism that
will make Ine-town into a popular tourist site, and, to build up rental
Funayas. People in Ine wanted to create a tourism which we can see local
residents living in Funaya and a tourism which we can know that what Ine-town’s
lifestyle is. Aqua tourism can be seen and can be accepted as a solution of the
local problems in Ine-town.

What’s more, we found a very important and
doable plan raised by local residents, the rental Funaya. The participants who
participated into our research were almost all elders and from their answers we
learned that the aging problem is getting serious in Ine-town. After we
conducted field walking, we found that there were some empty Funayas without
people living in there and also no ships. Local residents were considering, if
people wouldn’t change the situation, Ine’s landscapes may also change. If the
plan that focused on the developments of making Ine into a popular tourist
site, Ine would become only a preservation area without local residents living
in there. Therefore, the rental Funaya is necessary. The main idea of rental
Funaya is that, people from outside the Ine can also use Funaya and experience
local people’s life. Through doing this, there are possibilities that Ine can
recover from the current situation. The rental Funaya is also a way to increase
Ine-town’s charm.

We concluded and analyzed some possible
ways to solve the contradictions according to participants’ answers. First, in
order to protect living spaces, people can set up a line on the sea to prevent
tourist ships from entering their living spaces. Second, refuse the plan which wanted
to put telescopes next to the commercial tourist facilities on the mountains,
so that can protect local people’s privacy. Third, limit the time periods of
the guide ships’ advertisement signs. Fourth, do not open large scale hotels.
According to local residents, they worried about the commercial activities that
would do harm to Ine’s life but they would accept the bed and breakfast (B
&B ) in Funaya (?????). For instance, only
one group of people can stay in a Funaya for one night. Since Ine also has its
own local rule, the hotel which will hold in a Fuaya B&B style may protect
its local rule.

What tourists, Kyoto prefecture and Ine’s
tourist association were expecting, is a popular tourist site as same as the
Shirakawa town (???). On the opposite, the local residents did
not want to accept a tourism that would interfere with their life since they
wanted to protect their living spaces. Therefore, we noticed that there were
also some local residents who may accept the tourism only if this kind of
tourism can satisfy some conditions. Also, to develop a sustainable aqua
tourism in Ine, it is necessary considering the tourism with conditions.

After analyzing the participants’ answers
according to our questionnaire, we found the contradictions between local
residents, tourism organizations and tourists. Tourists recognize Ine town as a
tourist attraction because they want to appreciate beautiful sceneries and the
unique Funaya, or in other words, for their own entertainment. Therefore, they
visit Ine with demanding better tourist facilities. For instance, more
convenient transportation, more accommodations (hotels) and restaurants, the
same time, facilities have to meet the needs of commercialization. Some of the
tourists disagree with the idea that their visit will not interfere with local
people’s life since from their perspectives, Funaya and other houses are also
parts of the scenery. Moreover, if they got better tourist facilities, they
would only use those facilities. For Kyoto prefecture, the increasing number of
passenger flow volume is the important measure to promote Ine town, even Kyoto
prefecture’s economy. Attract tourists by the use of “star aura” of Ine town,
the interests can be extended to the scale of Kyoto. Therefore, it is necessary
for Kyoto to recognize Ine town as a tourist attraction. Same to the Ine’s
tourist association, especially when under the pressure from Kyoto prefecture,
the object of them is also develop Ine as a tourist attraction. However, for
local residents, the people who are living in Ine, they thought that Funaya and
other houses belong to their living, not tourist facilities, and in Reality the
tourists actually interfered with their life, there were impolite behaviors
such as taking photos without permissions. Also tourism is changing their
hometown into a commercial tourist site.

Therefore,
we were curious about the protection of Funaya and whether these protections
and the development of the tourism interfered with local residents’ life. Whether
they are dissatisfied with the protections, or whether they are dissatisfied
with the tourism, tourists. To understand local people’s thoughts about Ine’s
tourism, we conducted interviews in Ine during the time period from August 3rd
to August 7th. We used face-to-face interview and simple sampling to
choose the participants. The participants were local residents and local
tourism organizations. For the interview, we asked about 11 questions, we added
or decreased the questions according to participants’ answers. For instance of
the questions: “Is there any rules when using the Funayas? Or is there any
local rule in Ine-town?” “Do you agree or disagree with the tourism in
Ine-town? And what are the reasons?” “What does Funaya mean to you? Do you
still want to protect it in the future? Why?” “What are the opposite effects
and negative effects of the tourism of Funaya and also the Ine-town?” “What do
you want to show to the tourists? And what are the reasons?”

It is very
nice for the government to carry out landscape policies, it demonstrates the
government put emphasis on the protections of landscape. However, Torigoe
(2012) points out one weakness of the outline of?????????, local people and specialists have to evaluate the
landscape when they build up public project constructions. The argument is that
this method may be an excuse for government to develop public services since
they can ask for more construction requirements, moreover, for sociology, we
need to pay more attention on who evaluate, how they evaluate and to analyze
the landscape from a interpretive sense (Torigoe, 2012). We need to think of
the laws based on the considerations of the relationship between culture,
nature and human, to think from the perspective of people, if the landscape is
destroyed, it would bring us the destruction of nature, culture and
interpersonal relationship (Torigoe, 2012).

Landscapes
can be divided into two types: natural landscapes and cultural landscapes. Natural
landscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon by
human activities and cultural landscape is the cultural properties that
represent the combined works of nature and of man (UNESCO, 2012, p.14). As we
introduced in the previous chapters, Funayas in Ine were considered as
important traditional buildings which made by local residents and also Ine
became the preservation area of Funaya (?????????????). Funaya is used for fishers to park their boats and
also can be used as storehouse and so on. It is build by local residents and it
is really unique and historical. So obviously Funaya is belongs to cultural
landscapes. According to Torigoe’s book’s explanation on the protection of the
landscape (2012), if one place changed into a landscape, it will catch local
people’s attention, and the formation of the landscape will raise the awareness
of this place, prevent the indiscriminate development in this area and the same
time means protect the environment.

The
contradictions between tourism and local people’s life: CHANG ZIQING

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