Marijuana
was first discovered in 2727 B.C. by the Chinese Emperor called Shen Nung.
Ancient Greeks and Roman were also used to the plant, whereas in the Middle
East, it got spread through the Islamic empire and extended to North Africa. In
the mid-15th, the plant became known to the western hemisphere,
where it was imported to Chile for fiber use. It was also grown in the form of
hemp, for manufactured products in North America.

Cannabis
sativa can be found in several parts of the world, the plant grows in tropical
and humid weathers. The plant’s seeds, fiber and oil have been used for animal
feed, hemp rope and as a vehicle in painting.

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The
cannabis plant is called dioecious, hence that there are male and female
plants. Male plants hold the fertilizing in their pods, and appear as taller
and thinner than the female plants, which are shorter and darker.

Marijuana
is mostly consumed in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints. But it can also be
smoked using a pipe, a bong or a bowl.

The
issue about legalizing marijuana for medicinal purpose, is that its therapeutic
properties are still at question nowadays. The reaction of THC has short term
effects that involves troubles with memory and learning, distorted perception
and increased heart rate.

Medical
marijuana programs are now available in more than 25 states: Alaska, Arizona,
California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland,
Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey,
New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and
Washington. In addition, Washington, DC and Puerto Rico allow medical marijuana
for patients.

So, the
question is should cannabis be legalized and what would it be its impact on
society and economics. At first, we’ll demonstrate how decriminalizing the drug
can be economically and socially benefic for the government. Secondly, we’ll
see the beneficial properties of marijuana. Finally, we’ll see how the drug can
be harmful to the patient both psychologically and physically.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A.          
Legalizing
marijuana would reduce harm and save money.

 

The goals expected of marijuana prohibitions are not
achieved by reinforcing marijuana laws. Despite
the decriminalization of the drug in several states, arrests for marijuana
possession exceeds the number of all violent crimes combined.

Arrests
in the U.S. didn’t cease to increase since 1992. The U.S. recorded 829,625
arrests in 2006 for marijuana law violation which represents 44% of the 1.9
million annual drug arrests. According to the FBI, there was 650,000 arrests involving
marijuana in 2015, which represents 40% of all drug arrests in the U.S. Statistics
show that 89% of marijuana law violation arrests were for possession and not
for selling or manufacturing. The prohibition of the drug costs more than $3
billion for the United States.

Moreover, the amount of money spent in marijuana
prohibition could be distributed towards other public safety goals.

Unfortunately, these arrests are very discriminative. For
they are based on racial prejudice and politics.

The first law against the drug were aiming Mexican
migrants and African American back in the early 90s. Latino and black
communities remain the target today, even though they are no different than
white people to use or sell the drug.

Even in the absence of incarceration, the arrests have an
impact on a social and psychological range for the individual and the family.
The arrest can create a crime record, that could lead to a loss of employment
or months, sometimes years of imprisonment.

“There is little evidence that
decriminalization of marijuana use necessarily leads to a substantial increase
in marijuana use.” – The National Academy of Sciences

Studies have found that the use of marijuana amongst
young people in countries that have legalized medical marijuana has decreased
since. This is due to the fact that one need to be 21 to consume the drug. The
drug passed from being illegal where there are no age requirements and no
information about the product, to licensed dispensaries.

In my opinion, I believe that decriminalizing the drug
would really have an impact on how people consume and see the drug. It’ll be
sell in dispensaries, which means that the consumer will have more information
about the product and will need a prescription to buy the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.        Cannabis has legitimate medicinal
properties.

 

The first studies on medical
marijuana have started since the 1940s, but it is until the last decade that
impressive results have been found on its benefits.

Studies have found that cannabis
have more than 85 cannabinoids which some provide therapeutically beneficial
properties.

Indeed, cannabis have shown
potential to slow the progression of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, it
helps reduce the pain caused by epileptic seizures, it reduces muscle spasms
experienced by those with multiple sclerosis, and it also kills or limits the
growth of cancer cells. It can help grow appetite in AID’s patient, it can also
be benefic in chemotherapy and nausea.

It appears to be effective in
treating some psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia and so on.

Medications and prescription drugs create millions of dollars
for pharmaceutical companies, and those drugs tend to have side effects.
Marijuana contains cannabinoids that are effective in easing the pain, so it
could replace some prescription drugs like painkillers such as Vicodin, Xanax,
Adderall, Ritalin, Zoloft. 

 

In my opinion, we should focus more on plants with
therapeutically properties, it would cost less than buying drugs from
pharmaceutical companies, which don’t always guarantee one’s recover but its
come back to buy more.

 

C.        Counterargument: It can be as harmful as tobacco and alcohol.

 

Consuming marijuana can cause
physical problems such as breathing problems, cough, bronchitis and it can
exaggerate the illness in patients with respiratory disorders.

It is also not recommended for
patients with mental disorders such as people who suffer from panic attack,
hallucinations, flash-backs …

Moreover, it affects the brain’s
development such as memory loss and slow information.

The issue about legalizing
marijuana for medicinal purpose, is that its therapeutic properties are still
at question nowadays. The reaction of THC has short term effects that involves
troubles with memory and learning, distorted perception and increased heart
rate.

However, studies have found no link
between consuming marijuana and lung cancer.  

In my
opinion, legalizing marijuana for medicinal purposes appears to be
contradictory. Cannabis can indeed heal some disorders, but may as well provide
them; if it is smoked with tobacco on a daily basis it becomes as harmful as
cigarettes. So, we could legalize it for entertainment, just like coffee,
alcohol, cigarettes… And that way the consumption can be regulated by the
governments. 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

 

In
conclusion, legalizing weed would be very convenient to society: it’d reduce
the number of people getting arrested for using it, it’d stop the anti-drug
companies that cost millions for the government and help them make money out of
legal weed, and it’d cure many diseases and disorders.

But
just like any other drug, it can be harmful for the user depending on how it is
consumed. It can cause many health problems if it is consumed in an excessive
way.

Medical
Marijuana is now legal in more than 25 states, and the number tend to increase
for the drug is becoming more popular.

If 25
states already did it, what would stop the others? It could be linked to
cultural background that would take more time to apprehend the plant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

 

1.    
DEA Museum. (n.d.).
Cannabis: History. Retrieved from
https://www.deamuseum.org/ccp/cannabis/history.html

2.    
Drug Alliance Policy.
(n.d.). Do people still get arrested and punished for using marijuana?
Retrieved from
http://www.drugpolicy.org/do-people-still-get-arrested-and-punished-using-marijuana

3.    
Katherine Beckett
& Steve Herbert. (2009). The consequences and costs of marijuana
prohibition. Retrieved from https://www.tni.org/es/node/16875

4.    
Medical Marijuana Inc.
(2017). Medical Marijuana Inc. – Legal Cannabis Leader: Hemp CBD Oil. Retrieved
from https://www.medicalmarijuanainc.com/?utm_expid=79667024-3.Yv0J9Vg6RS2gPKRdn8LIJw.0=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F

5.    
Wynne Armand, MD.
(2016, August 19). Marijuana: Health effects of recreational and medical use –
Harvard Health Blog. Retrieved from

Marijuana: Health effects of recreational and medical use

6.    
Your First Step.
(2015, October 27). Prescription Drugs that Marijuana Could Replace. Retrieved
from https://yourfirststep.org/prescription-drugs-that-marijuana-could-replace/

 

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