Norms and beliefs about
gender and work seem to be longstanding, fortified and difficult to change:
indeed, they have changed very frequently and significantly throughout history
in line with broader economic, social and political transformations.
In what concerns gender and work (and many other social phenomena),
history has NOT been a steady progression towards modernisation and greater
equality; i.e. it is not linear. There have been advancements but also
setbacks and backlashes, according to what is economically and
politically necessary at a particular time.