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Hip hop and rap music is part of a genre that has developed throughout the United States by African-Americans in the 1970’s. Both genres have different types of stylized rhythm music that consists of rapping, and speech that is chanted. Most Hip hop histories claim that Hip hop was formed in the South Bronx, during the 1970’s, in the poor Afro-Caribbean, and African-American mixed neighborhoods, including Flatbush, Brooklyn and East Elmhurst, Queens. It started off as a sub-culture between these neighborhoods. Hip hop was known as non-mainstream music because many people didn’t know about hip hop, unless they were involved in those communities, especially since it was most played in block or house parties. Bronx residents were the ones that started all the elements of Hip hop, graffiti art, break dancing, DJ-ing, and rapping which were solidified.
Hip Hop music was born in New York City, Bronx, which speaks for a life line of black American and African diaspora of cultural traditions. Hip hop is not only played in the United States, but has also become globalized and is now no longer the genre that truly represents the black community voice. Stated by Flores, these hip hop and rap music were written through cultural stages, from music and dance that were created for and by people in the neighborhood to dominant the global youth culture. Hip hop and rap music is a musical tradition by blues, jazz, soul and with Caribbean calypso, dub, and reggae. Hip hop music was also known as, graffitiartists that worked with spray paint and used the urban transit system. As well as breakdancing which they used their bodies which was symbolic in street battles.
The hip hop culture started off for youth of alternative identity of information and social status in a community. Hip hop is known as ghetto music, but the lyrics to the music associates with the persons living background. Hip hop music has to do with rapping and DJing which is doing audio and scratching the music. Stated by Rose, alternative local identities were forged in fashions and language, street names, and most important, in creating neighborhood crews and posses. Many hip hop fans, artists, musicians, and dancers continue to belong to a system of crews or posses. These crews are intercultural bonds that, like social formation of gangs, provide insulation and support in a complex environment. Hip hop has developed as cultural and artistic phenomenon that has affected youth culture throughout the world. Hip hop reflects on the social, economic, political, and cultural lives of people, speaking to them in a language that they understand.
Rap music was developed by urban blacks in the 1970s, a style of popular music, which has to do with beat pattern and provides a background and counterpoint for slang, and rhythm pattern by a vocalist or vocalists.(definition) Rap came from the hip hop culture. Rappers in music and vocal are also privileged by flow, layering, and ruptures in line. Rappers are viewed in a way that they are poor and express their lives through mainstream media. Blanchard wrote “The nihilistic approach to violence and criminal activity for which rap is often criticized is defended by some artists as the understandable result of the disparities that face African-American communities, from which rap originated and remains rooted.” African American youth are more likely to live in poor households or communities and be unemployed or have have been in prison. However, that is not the case, hip hop and rap music is a way to write lyrics through American history and culture.
The main three elements of hip hop are graffiti, breakdancing, and rap music. To know who is a hip hop artists or rapper you can tell by their identity and by their style, what they wear. They were known for wearing baggy pants and shirts which was called, “ghetto rap.” Rose talks, about the three elements in her article. The first was graffiti which was a social movement that started in New York in the late 1960’s. Graffiti started off with just simple tagging, that has later expanded to individual styles, such as themes, format, and techniques. Next element is breakdancing which came from disco music. In the 1970s dancing to disco music started and later got changed to dancers making breaks. Breakdancing is listening to the movement and break dancing after a beat. Last element is Rap music that has become the most emerged to hip hop. Throughout the late 1980s, rap music’s commercial status increased dramatically, rappers began exploring more themes with greater intellectual references and complexity, and hip-hop crew from urban ghettos in several major cities.
In the article I read at home called, “Barbz and kings: explorations of gender and sexuality in hip hop” Regina N. Bradley has stood out to me due to the gender and sexuality in music. Bradley talks about the rape culture, and violence against women who present hip hop. Hip hop music is mostly known for male artists rather than females. Male artists in hip hop and rap write lyrics to get women in an act of sexual performance and rap culture. This is nothing new you can find music like this in any song you listen too. For example, some song lyrics Bradley Included were a rap song by Ross, “put molly all in her champagne, she ain’t even know it/I took her home and enjoyed that, she ain’t even know it.” After that incident he apologized three times for his lyrics because many listeners believed it was interpreted as rape.
Hip hop and rap music was always played by the young black community, but now all types of cultures are playing and listening to this music. Now hip hop is more to the white community than the black community. Hip hop music is not the only one part of the black community, but they followed the footsteps of earlier music such as jazz, blues, and southern soul music. Which has expanded also globally and ethnically. According to Flores, “Historically the genre has been considered representative of the voice of the black community, but some critics argue that the commercialization and globalization of hip-hop music dilutes its message so that the genre no longer truly represents the voice of the black community.” Music is a part of everyone and shouldn’t be just a part of an ethic group, but should be multicultural.
The main overall idea in the early time of hip hop and rap music was the influence of gang members roaming the streets. Which they would be gang members abandoning physical fights and replacing them with hip hop battles. The hip hop genre of artists in the recent past and present are DJ Kool Here with is the father of rap. There was also Sugerhill Gang known for their first single “Rapper’s Delight.” Than the new generation of hip hop music in the 1980s was Run-DMC, LL Cool J, and late Big L, Snoop Dog, and Dr Dre. Now in the modern hip hop world we have Kanye West, Eminem, and other artists. Hip hop and rap music started spreading all over the world creating new styles. As many people say hip hop music is unnecessary due to the language and cursing words in songs, but they don’t know the true meaning of lyrics that the artists write coming from their hearts and experiences. In today’s world we as young people listen to Post Malone, Macklemore, DJ Khaled, Drake, Kendrick Lamar, French Montana and many more. Rap and Hip hop music is becoming mainstream because everywhere you go on the speakers in supermarkets, dentist office, retail stores, etc. you’ll hear a hip hop artist. Rap and Hip hop is taking over mainstream in today’s world.
My overall, thoughts about Hip hop and rap is that any ethic group and culture can create and make music. Artists and people can express their feelings in making lyrics and rapping it. Hip hop music was influenced by the black community in America and world-wide, which has become more like a culture. The culture in today’s world, represents rap music of young, urban, working class African-Americans, in the music industry.