The Explorers: Dr. Mae C. Jemison  https://newsela.com/read/bio-explorer-mae-jemison/id/19395 Date : 7/22/16Name : the explorers found in newsela Subject area: space 1. What is the article about ?The article talks about Mae Jemison’s journey to becoming the first black woman american in space. 2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Mae jemison was born in Decatur Alabama but grew up in Chicago. Her family moved to Chicago looking for better schools. Dorothy green and charlie jemison are her parents. They also had a daughter named Ada and a son named Charles.  3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?June 1987 is when Mae Jemison flew into space being the first black american woman to do so. Before any of that happened she received a scholarship to attend Stanford University. After earning her chemical engineering degree she went to Cornell University Medical College in New York state. In 1987 Mae Jemison joined NASA and was the first to african american to be admitted into the training program.  4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?It relates to our everyday life because we are always hearing about all kinds of astronauts admitting into space for all sorts of reasons.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?This is important to science because in the future we will need astronauts. If people put more into their education the way Mae Jemison did, anyone could become an astronaut, doctor, scientist if they really wanted to. The Benefits of Black Physics StudentsDate : 15/12/15Subject area: physics https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/17/opinion/the-benefits-of-black-physics-students.html 1. What is the article about ?      This article was about how a physics class would benefit with there being diversity ( of color ). 2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur Fisher V University of texas had an argument on the topic of  “what unique perspective does a minority student bring to a physics class”. Meaning what unique perspective does a black student have to improve the learning experiences for everyone.  3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?This article was published December 17 and the article mentions that the oral argument happened last week. This would mean it happened sometime around December 10th. 4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?It relates to our everyday lives because black people are always being judged on their abilities to succeed in school. Chief Robert’s question on what unique perspective does a minority student bring to a physics class, means how does a black student improve the learning experiences for everyone. Stuff like that happens all the time; for example, what could a black person bring to a dance team or what could a black person bring to a basketball team.A black student does not attend class to improve the learning of others, just how white students do.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?It’s important because black students want to be accepted into a physics class the same way white students are and other races. The Black Female Mathematicians Who Sent Astronauts To Space Date: 1/2/16Subject area: space http://mentalfloss.com/article/71576/black-female-mathematicians-who-sent-astronauts-space 1. What is the article about ?This article is  about how katherine  johnson’s calculations helped send the first astronaut who orbited the earth, and how african american women faced segregation.2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?NASA headquarters is located in washington DC where they hired all the african american women to work as human computers.3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Katherine johnson was awarded presidential medal of freedom November 2015  for her contributions in NASA.   Katherine johnson played a big role in helping Alan Shepard capsule trajectory in 1961.Johnson’s calculations also helped in future missions such as apollo 11 in 1969.In 1943 NASA langley research center hired educated black women to work as the human computers. 4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?When NASA hired african american women, those were times when black people had to use different washrooms from white people, or they had to eat in the coloured section. Even though segregation ended black people still experience this racial discrimination.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?This article is important to science because without katherine johnson’s calculations, they would have probably not ended up orbiting the earth in that year.    opinion : diverse perspective Date: 7/29/13Subject area: biology https://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/36733/title/Opinion–A-Diverse-Perspective/ 1. What is the article about ?This article highlights the struggles African American biomedical scientists are faced with when applying for government research funding. In the article these struggles are demonstrated through a biologist named Ernest Everett Just and his journey. Although he came across many issues in his career he still prevailed and remains a highly respected scientist in the field of embryology. 2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Just’s studies started out in the United States. Eventually to expand his knowledge and scope of study he traveled abroad. While abroad he was featured in many panels where he discussed his theories and developments. 3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Ernest Everett Just’s studies took place in the early to 20th century. He was born on August 14, 1883 and died on October 27, 1941. His studies were mostly conducted in the early 20th century. 4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?The story of Mr. Just and his significant discoveries apply to us today because by contributing to our education on embryology he helped jumpstart other scientist to bring us where we are now. His discovery is made up of a method to stop an egg from being fertilized by more than one sperm. This discovery has paved the way for many other biologists and has been under appreciated up until recently. Just believed that there were many factors affecting the fertilization process, one main one being the setting in which fertilization occurs. Another of these factors was an egg’s condition leading up to the fertilization. He was known as what is called an Eco-Devo scientist. 5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?His discovery is important to science because without it we would not be as advanced in our knowledge of the subject. By coming out with these unique to his time discoveries, Just proved that diversity is an essential component when it comes to scientific development. Renowned african american chemist and inventor killed in maryland house fire Date: 30/10/16Subject area: chemistry https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/renowned-african-american-chemist-and-inventor-killed-in-maryland-house-fire/2016/10/30/eccc2e28-9eb9-11e6-a44d-cc2898cfab06_story.html?utm_term=.972be51649441. What is the article about ?This article is regarding a distinguished African American chemist named George Nauflett who passed away in a fatal house fire back in 2016. During the time of Nauflett career he was rewarded over two dozen patents for his inventions. One of Mr. Nauflett’s biggest achievements is a material he invented which was used on satellite, which was then sent out into space by the Russians and Americans. In the article it is mentioned how with all of his developed inventions and patents, Nauflett could have been a millionaire. However he was said to be content with the family and things he had. 2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?The majority of George Nauflett work took place in the U.S. 3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?In 2016 is when George Nauflett was tragically killed by a house fire. His actual scientific discoveries were made many years before he died. Specifically the late 20th to early 21st century. Although in his early years George Nauflett did not have access to a proper education, he later on in life ended up attending and graduating college and university with a degree in chemistry.4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?Nauflett’s inventions apply to us today because without the material he discovered science would not be as advanced. He has also been a big spokesperson for the difficulties that come with the role of African American in his field. That is still a huge issue today.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?His inventions are important to science because without the material he discovered the satellite would not have been complete. Having the satellite contributed to our scientific advancement and he was a large contributor to that.Percy Lavon Julian laboratory Medicine Oxford Academic Date: 10/ 22/15Subject area: chemistry https://academic.oup.com/labmed/article/41/11/688/2504925 1. What is the article about ?This article talks about Percy Lavon Julian’s journey to becoming a chemist and the racial struggles he went through.2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Julian was the first to go to college in his family. He attend Depauw University in Greencastle. Julian also taught at Fisk University in Nashville. He was awarded an austine fellowship at Harvard University.3.  When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Julian was born april 11 1899. For two years Julian did two years of training at a school for negros. 1996 was when Julian being the first to attend college. In 1920 Julian received an bachelor’s degree in chemistry and was voted valedictorian of his class. 1922 he was awarded an austine fellowship at harvard university. 4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?In the article it said how Julian’s father didn’t have the opportunity to go to college. A lot of parents from the 80’s didn’t go to university or college either because they didn’t have the money or they didn’t have the grades to, and they make sure that their kids nowadays are able to do better than they did.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?This story is important to science because it kinda shows how hard people work just to become scientists.  Edward Bouchet becomes the first African American PhD in physicsDate: 2/4/14Subject area: physics https://www.biography.com/people/edward-alexander-bouchet-21317497 1. What is the article about ?This article explains how Edward Bouchet became a physicist and the challenges he had to face.2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?He was born in New Haven and lived with his parents and three older sisters. The area he was in was so segregated he attended a colored school. Bouchet later attended Hopkins Grammar School then went to Yale College and was the first african american to graduate.3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?He was born 1852 september. In 1868 he went to Hopkins Grammar School and graduated in 1870. 1861 Bouchet became the first to earn a doctorate in physics. In 1876 he taught at a institute for colored youth. In 1916 he returned home ill and died in 1918 at age 66.4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?Bouchet wasn’t given all the opportunities he would have got if he was white. Even today that still happens, people of color get less opportunities just because of their skin even if they’re more intelligent. 5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?It’s important to science because no matter how someone looks anyone can become a physicist if they try hard.   Inventor Emmett ChappelleDate: 1/1/18Subject area: biology https://www.thoughtco.com/inventor-emmett-chappelle-40709251. What is the article about ?This article talks about the inventor Emmett Chappelle’s contributions and the great work he has done in becoming a biochemist.2. Where: where did this discovery/ event / story occur ?Born in Phoenix, Arizona graduated from Phoenix colored high school and earned an associates degree from Phoenix college. He conducted his own research at a medical college he taught in Nashville. Chappelle after attended University of Washington and earned his masters degree in biology.  3. When; when did this discovery/ event / story occur ?He was born october 20th 1925. He earned his masters degree in 1954. He later worked for NASA in 1966. Then retired in 2001.4. How: how does this discovery/ event / story relate to our everyday lives ?His knowledge on the subject of biology has contributed to our everyday education. Because of the methods he discovered people still use his techniques for detection of bacteria in urine, blood, and other bodily fluids today. Without his discoveries our biological knowledge would not be as advanced today.5. Why: why is this discovery/event / story important to science  ?This story is important to science because the techniques he discovered are still very much used today. Without them we would not be able to detect bacteria as well as we are able to with his discovery.   

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