The Official
Languages Act 1969  

 

              

              Do you ever think that
why Canada has two official languages? The Royal Commission
on Bilingualism and Biculturalism accepted to study the problems of Canadian
unity, the government of Pierre E. Trudeau passed,
on September 9,1969 An Act Respecting the Status of Official
Languages in Canada which gives French and English equal statues in the
government of Canada. There were many things happened for
the two official languages. Many peoples were felt that French Canadian
were getting special treatment, some people questioned why so much money
was spent on making French services. 

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              English
and French are the official languages of Canada and they take pleasure in the independence
status and equal constitutional rights and freedoms as to their use in all the organizations
of the Government of Canada. And from than all documents, reports, Speeches,
and pamphlets issued to the public were now to be published in the French and English.
This act made the federal offices offer services in
both languages, therefore, English government workers were taught to speak and understand French. Public signs
identifying federal offices are in both official languages Federal court
decisions were published in both official languages as well, federal
government services in both languages were to be available in parts of Canada
where there was a large French-Canadian minority. 

              Many other actions included in the official
language act such as: Federal funds were made
available to promote bilingualism, Services were extended for French language television
and radio outside Quebec, Rules were introduced requiring bilingual labels on
products, more federal public service jobs were elected bilingual (Prior to the
Act, only 14% of top government jobs were held by French Canadians even though
French Canadian made up 25% of Canada’s population). Politicians have the right
to use either French or English in Parliament. Assembly is required to provide
simultaneous interpretation of its debates and other information, as well as
translations of its official news.

 

            The
number of French-Canadian in the Government of Canada’s Public Service rose to
26% or about the percentage of French-Canadians in Canada. This Act made teaching the French language compulsory in English
schools, and gave parents the right to choose the language of instruction of
their children, which caused great concern among part of the population.

 

                The official language act
didn’t apply to private businesses. They can do their businesses in either English
or French. While all the federal
political parties supported the Official Languages Act when it was announced,
the provincial response was much more tepid. In 1979, 10 years after the
federal Official Languages Act was passed, the Supreme Court of Canada found
that Manitoba, which had officially been a monolingual Anglophone province
since 1890, had to observe. New Brunswick passed its own Official Languages Act
in 1969, while Ontario settled for providing French-language services in
limited areas on a for this situation.

                 Of these, about 6.1 million or
85% resided in Quebec. Outside Quebec, the largest French-speaking populations
are found in New Brunswick.  Most native
speakers of the French language in Canada live in Quebec, where French is the
majority official language. 77% of Quebec’s population are native francophone,
and 95% of the population speak French as their first language. There are also
French-speaking communities in Manitoba and Ontario.               

               

 

                Make sure that respect for English and French
as the official languages of Canada and make sure that equality of status and
equal rights and freedoms as to their use in all federal institutions Set out
the powers, duties and functions of federal institutions with respect to the
official languages of Canada Support the development of English and French linguistic
minority communities and generally advance the equality of status and use of
the English and French languages within Canadian society.

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